Plato also seems to have held such a view, where he wrote in The Republic that "philosopher kings" should lead city-states in a sort of oligarchical system.. The Ideal and Luxurious Cities. Socrates says that timocracy is the closest to the Ideal State that we have thus far experienced; the others descend in value as they are listed. And we might anticipate, now, that having divided the ideal state into its several parts (in pursuit of the virtues), Socrates may seek the same division in the individual citizen. But in censuring Julian for inconsistency (C.Q. is at once the most exemplary and the strangest of the Greek philosophers. Both Xenophon and Aristophanes state Socrates received payment for teaching, while Plato writes Socrates explicitly denied accepting payment, citing his poverty as proof. Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher, one of the three greatest figures of the ancient period of Western philosophy (the others were Plato and Aristotle), who lived in Athens in the 5th century BCE.A legendary figure even in his own time, he was admired by his followers for his integrity, his self-mastery, his profound philosophical insight, and his great argumentative skill. is true that in the ideal state Plato would deny the Theogony and myths of the like character to adults as well as children. Glossary Socrates argues that there are four main types of unjust states: timocracy, oligarchy (plutocracy), democracy, and tyranny (despotism). Viewed by many as the founding figure of Western philosophy, Socrates (469-399 B.C.) In the Republic, Plato writes that Socrates was debating (well, more so lecturing about) the nature of the ideal state. The Republic is an allegory on the politics of ones soul, not a literal treatise on political science. For Plato, the ideal city was one which mirrored the kosmos, on the one hand, and the individual on the other. Socrates does not abandon the Ideal City. In Bk. Winston Churchill famously quipped, "The best argument against democracy is a five minute conversation with the average voter." I conclude that Glaucon creates the “city for pigs,” not Socrates. The ideal state, comprised of its various parts (classes), itself possesses the several virtues we have thus far discussed. The theory of Forms or theory of Ideas is a philosophical theory, concept, or world-view, attributed to Plato, that the physical world is not as real or true as timeless, absolute, unchangeable ideas. Even death is a trivial matter for the truly virtuous individual who realizes that the most important thing in life is the state of his soul and the actions which spring from it: II Socrates accounts for the Ideal City, or the city in theory (368c). 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