The same is happening, only to a greater extent, among the Christian nations. This is the profound new way of thinking that Einstein All the other twelve feast days, except for Christmas, were in memory of miracles- things which I endeavoured not to think about, in order not to deny them: the Ascension, Pentecost, the Epiphany, the Intercession of the Virgin, and so on. Leo Tolstoy On this date in 1828, the great Russian novelist Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy was born as a landed count on his family's Yasnaya Polyana estate near Tula. And the name ‘Resurrection’ was also given to the weekly feast day. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), And the cause of everything is that which we call God. I do not seek that, nor can I, since I know the unusual nature of religious knowledge. Indeed no other faith has ever preached things so incompatible with reason and contemporary knowledge, or ideas so immoral as those taught by Church Christianity. Leo Tolstoy Quotes on Religion & Morality. Tolstoy had not always been possessed of the religious ideas set forth in My Religion. On 23 September 1862, Tolstoy married Sophia Andreevna Behrs, who was sixteen years his junior and the daughter of a court physician. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), One need only recall Christ’s teaching forbidding violent resistance to evil, and people, from the privileged gentry as compared to the labouring classes, will, whether they are believers or non-believers, simply smile ironically at such a reference, as if the idea that non-violent resistance to evil were possible is such blatant nonsense that serious-minded people would not even mention it. At the beginning of the year 1901, the renowned French scholar Berthelot delivered a speech in which he informed his audience that the age of religion has passed and that it must now be replaced by science. The Buddhist has understood, and understands, his relationship with the infinite thus; in passing from one form of life to another, he inevitably suffers. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions). The site includes many photographs from Tolstoy's life and an assessment of his works. Originally published in 1885, What I Believe is part of series of books by novelist Leo Tolstoy that outline his personal interpretation of Christian theology. The second method is typical of the majority of non-religious people, who lack a general standard of evaluating the worthiness of their actions and who therefore always establish conformity between their reason and their actions, not by subjecting the latter to the former but- having accomplished an action under the impulse of feeling- by using reason to justify them. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), Religion is a particular relationship that man establishes between his own separate personality and the infinite universe, or its origin. There is no doubt that never before in history has such material success, i.e. So long as people do not consider all men as their brothers and do not consider human life as the most sacred thing, which rather than destroy they must consider it their first and foremost duty to support; that is so long as people do not behave towards one another in a religious manner, they will always ruin one another’s lives for the sake of personal gain. To claim that the supernatural and irrational form the basic characteristics of religion is much the same as noticing only the rotten apples and then claiming that the basic features of the fruit named apple are a flaccid bitterness and a harmful effect produced in the stomach. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), The essence of any religion lies solely in the answer to the question: why do I exist, and what is my relationship to the infinite universe that surrounds me? religion, unites men. Nor have we mentioned the absurdity of the sacrament of which Voltaire said that there have been and are a great many absurd religious teachings, but never before was there one in which the main religious act consists in eating your own God. (Max Planck, 1920), Connect with Geoff Haselhurst at Facebook, "All that is necessary for evil to succeed is for good people to do nothing." After a period of heightened development religion always enters into a period of decline and death, which is usually followed by a period of regeneration and the formation of religious doctrine that is more rational and lucid than before. Never before have the educated minority, those with the most influence on the masses, not only had no belief in the existing religion, but seemed convinced that today’s world no longer has any need of one. Leo Tolstoy is well known as a writer of fiction, with his classic works War and Peace and Anna Karenin (which he dismissed as meaningless in later life). I know that the explanation of all things, like the origin of all things, must remain a secret of eternity. Tolstoy’s Religious Beliefs Extracted from "Challenging Christianity: Leo Tolstoy and Religious Education" by Dan Moulin Leo Tolstoy (1828–1910) is best known for his novels War and Peaceand Anna Karenina. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions). Every question, be it economic (internal or foreign), civil, diplomatic, scientific, not to mention religious and philosophical ones, are put so artificially and mistakenly, wrapped in such a thick layer of complex, unnecessary argument and full of so many subtle twists of meaning and words and such sophistry and debate that all discussions of such questions go round and round in circles, grasping hold of nothing, like a disconnected car wheel. Tolstoy’s rejection of religious rituals—and his attacks on the role of the state and the concept of property rights—put him on a collisio… One student actually offered an intelligent critique of my Kirk Cameron blog, and noted that my thesis was predicted partly by Leo Tolstoy, the great 19th century Russian storyteller. The basic principle of all religions- the equality between all men- has been forgotten, neglected and buried under so much ridiculous dogma put forward by the religion, and in science this same inequality (expressed in the theory of the struggle for the existence and survival of the fittest) is acknowledged as such a necessary condition of life, that the destruction of millions of human lives for the convenience of the ruling minority is regarded as a most commonplace and necessary facet of living, and happens continually. After a midlife crisis at age 50, he began to believe in the moral teachings of Christianity, while rejecting mysticism and organized religion. This means only in faith can we find the meaning and possibility of life. Whenever any religious teaching has started becoming distorted its guardians, having already brought people to a state of weakened rational activity, have then employed every means of persuading them of what they wanted. Never before at any period of religious decline has such a low level of disregard and negligence towards the chief characteristic of all religions and of Christianity in particular- the equality of all men- been reached as in our time. In My Religion, Leo Tolstoy accuses the church of hiding the true meaning of Jesus, which is to be found in the Sermon on the Mount and the call to resist evil. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions), I so often envied the peasants their illiteracy and lack of learning. The selection includes 'A Confession,' 'Religion and Morality,' 'What Is Religion, and of What Does Its Essence Consist?,' and 'The Law of Love and the Law of Violence.' Tolstoy had not always been possessed of the religious ideas set forth in My Religion. Again it is absurd to suggest that man’s salvation from sin lies in baptism, or in believing that all these things actually happened, and that the son of God was killed in order to save people and that those who do not believe it will be punished by God with eternal torment. As I turned my attention to all that is done by people who profess Christianity, I was horrified. Tolstoy was also an essayist, and I’ve included here an excerpt of his essay, “Religion and Morality.” Death Shadow Two. The law of human life is such that the improvement of it, whether for the individual or for society, is only possible through inner, moral perfection. They lead nowhere except to achieve the one purpose for which they are instigated: to conceal from oneself and others the evil in which men live and which they commit. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions). I felt strongly that they were deceiving themselves and that, like myself, they had no other concept of life than of living while they lived and of grabbing hold of everything they could. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions). (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions). We can now deduce the most simple science theory of reality - the wave structure of matter in space. Perhaps it is a surprise for some to know that Tolstoy also wrote very well on Religion and Theology, seeking to know God through truth and reason not faith nor intuition. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions). But, when reason diverges from its own particular function (the clarification of the relationship with God and the activities that conform to it), and is directed not only at service to the flesh, or bitter strife with other men and other creatures, but also at justifying this evil existence, so contrary to man’s nature and purpose, then these dreadful misfortunes occur from which the majority of today’s people are suffering. Geoff Haselhurst, Karene Howie, In the experimental sphere I said to myself, ‘Everything develops, differentiates, moving towards complexity and refinement and there are laws governing this process. One can use one’s lips to say: ‘I believe the world was created six thousand years ago’, or: ‘I believe in God the Father in three persons’, but no one can believe it all because the words make no sense. In Christendom we have none. Children are taught the dogma of the Trinity, which cannot be accommodated in a healthy mind, and the descent of one of the three Gods to earth for the salvation of the human race and His resurrection and ascent to Heaven. And assuming that truth lies in union by love, I was struck by the fact that theology was destroying the thing it should be advancing. However cruel Attila, Genghis Khan and their followers may have been, the act of killing people personally, face to face, must have been unpleasant: the wailing relatives and the presence of corpses. Physical objects are not in space, but these objects are spatially extended. A person cannot be at peace until he has somehow established this harmony. The Spiritual Works of Leo Tolstoy: A Confession, The Kingdom of God is Within You, What I Believe, Christianity and Patriotism, Reason and Religion, The Gospel in Brief and more Leo Tolstoy … All these principles are common to Brahmanism, Hebraism, Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Christianity and Mohammedanism. However, since the appearance of rational man there has not been one human society that could live or has lived without religion. And finally, the third step was taken when the childish originality of Nietzsche’s half-crazed thought, presenting nothing complete or coherent, but only various drafts of immoral and completely unsubstantiated ideas, was accepted by the leading figures as the final word in philosophical science. If he did not believe that there was something he must live for he would not live. And therefore religion has always been, and cannot cease to be, an essential and indisposable condition of the life of rational humanity. without any kind of relationship to the world) as it is for there to be a person without a heart. If theologians do try to reconcile them they only succeed in confusing the matter still further. Forgetting the Hindus and the Chinese, even among the Zulus there were, and are, obligatory religious rules, whatever they might be, which condone certain actions and forbid others. At these times the educated minority, no longer believing in the existing religious teaching, simply pretend to believe in it because they find it necessary for the purpose of holding the masses to the established order of life. Leo Tolstoy, Russian author, a master of realistic fiction and one of the world’s greatest novelists. The first is when he uses his reason to decide on the necessity, or desirability, of a certain action, or actions, and then acts on his reason. Religion, like all that lives, has the characteristics of birth, development, ageing, death and rebirth- rebirth in forms that are ever more perfect than the previous ones. After a life of debauchery, in his early 50s, he wanted religion — or some source of intellectual security — back. As he writes; All the concepts we use to compare the finite to the infinite, and to arrive at an understanding of life, of the concepts of God, freedom and goodness, are put to the test of logic. Despite being combined with an enormous amount of unnecessary confusion, answers to the question have at any rate been given within the philosophical tradition of the Christian nations. Leo Tolstoy's fundamental error can be explained as follows; Space and Motion are the Cause (metaphysical foundation) of our Science and Philosophy. Reason was acknowledged as the source of all error and the Gospels were not interpreted in the light of common-sense, but merely as those who constituted the Church wished. In the opinion of these learned people there has been a period of ignorance: the religious period which humanity outlived long ago leaving occasional atavistic indications of its existence. (Leo Tolstoy, Confessions, 1882), Whatever answers faith gives, regardless of which faith, or to whom the answers are given, such answers always give an infinite meaning to the finite existence of man; a meaning that is not destroyed by suffering, deprivation or death. According to rational knowledge life is an evil and people know it. The material progress achieved in the nineteenth century is truly enormous, but it was, and still is being, purchased at a cost of neglect for the most elementary demands of morality, such as humanity has never witnessed before, not even under Genghis Khan, Attila, or Nero. that the practical means of achieving this consist in doing to others as you would wish to do to you. At the time Russia was at war. 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